Tuesday, June 17, 2008

Os desabafos de Kissinger na Cimeira de Helsínquia, em 1975

É uma imagem clássica da Cimeira de Helsínquia, em 1975. Uma reunião, no auge do Verão Quente da revolução, em que Portugal está no centro das atenções dos líderes mundiais. Brejnev foi confrontado sobre os apoios da URSS aos comunistas portugueses e disse que, no regresso a Moscovo, ia pensar no assunto.
À margem da cimeira, Gerald Ford e Henry Kissinger tiveram encontros com líderes europeus, entre eles o primeiro-ministro grego. Portugal voltou a ser tema de conversa e Kissinger lá desabafa que os Estados Unidos tinham "perdido um ano" por culpa dos europeus que lhe diziam que “não havia problema”. Caramanlis está céptico e diz que Portugal “não tem solução”.

Extracto do memorando, em inglês.

Memorandum of Conversation1
Helsinki, July 30, 1975, 1 p.m.
Prime Minister Caramanlis
Foreign Minister Bitsios
Chef de Cabinet Molyviatos
The President
The Secretary of State
Mr. Arthur A. Hartman, Assistant Secretary for European Affairs
There was a brief discussion in the garden of the President’s previous
stops and then of his future travel plans including his plans to
meet with the Japanese Prime Minister.
The President: What do you think of Portugal today?
Caramanlis: I think it is hopeless.
The Secretary: That is my view.
The President: Do you think that they should stay in NATO if they
are Communists?
Caramanlis: There may be a civil war there. It depends on the
Bitsios: It is also bad for Spain.
The President: I noted that the Workers’ Associations in Spain have
voted and they have chosen either liberal or Communist leadership.
The Secretary: Yes.
Caramanlis: The Portuguese situation has a dangerous effect in
Spain and Italy. In my view when situations develop that are bad they
need immediate measures to correct them.
The Secretary: You’re right. We have wasted a year on Portugal
mainly because the West Europeans said there was no problem.
Caramanlis: In the case of Portugal, Cyprus and Arab oil, we
now have a big problem which creates hostility but if these crises
are dealt with quickly they usually can be solved and we can avoid

1 Ford Library, National Security Adviser, Memoranda of Conversations,
Box 14, CSCE, 7/26–8/4/75. Secret; Nodis. Drafted by Hartman. The meeting was held
at the Ambassador’s residence. Ford and Kissinger were in Helsinki for CSCE talks.
In "Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976 - Greece; Cyprus; Turkey,
1973–1976 (Volume XXX)", Ed. Laurie Van Hook

[Foto: Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in expressive mood between his U.S. counterpart Gerald Ford (left) and the Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko (right). Photo:VESA KLEMETTI]

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